Children’s Participation: From Tokenism to Citizenship

With the growth of children’s rights we are beginning to see an increasing recognition of children’s abilities to speak for themselves. Regrettably, while children’s and youths’ participation does occur in different degrees around the world, it is often exploitative or frivolous. This Essay is designed to stimulate a dialogue on this important topic. Hart addresses the qualitative differences in participation in his hierarchical `Ladder of Young People’s Participation´, where he disting