Emotional Problems in Palestinian Children Living in a War Zone: A Cross-Sectional Study

This articles reports on a study conducted in Palestine with 91 children (9-18 years) who were exposed to their homes being bombarded and demolished during Al Aqsa Intifada and 89 children (controls) who had not, but who witnessed bombardment by helicopters, saw mutilated bodies on television, heard about the conflict in the media or were exposed to adults’ reactions. Findings showed that children directly exposed to home bombardment were much more likely to report symptoms of post-traumatic stress and fear. Children who were exposed to other events reported higher levels of anticipatory anxiety and cognitive expressions of distress that the directly exposed children.

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